Future of MaaS yet to be decided, says new report
A new report from the Urban Transport Group outlines how three key factors will affect the future of MaaS and sets out guidelines in order to protect urban public policy goals.
In a new report, the Urban Transport Group has investigated MaaS schemes – those which provide access to information on various travel options, as well as payment, on a single digital platform – and how its integration into urban planning will be best organised.
It finds that: “MaaS could be a system that steers people towards use of cars or away from them. It could make travelling easier for all, no matter their income, disability or location or it could make mobility easier for tech-savvy, city centre dwellers and harder for those who are already excluded and marginalised. It could be a great concept that takes off at scale or one that people don’t need or want in practice.”
The report identifies three key factors that will determine the future of MaaS:
- The economic models that underpin MaaS schemes will determine how impartial, stable, extensive, competitively priced and popular MaaS schemes are
- The extent to which issues around the ownership, sharing, resourcing of data is resolved will determine the comprehensiveness of MaaS schemes
- The extent to which wider environmental, social and public health goals are built into MaaS schemes will determine whether they will contribute to making cities less congested, more inclusive, greener and healthier places.
The report also sets out the issues and options for city regions on the responsibility they have for integrating MaaS into their areas. These choices include:
Where the public sector is either the MaaS operator or a pro-active participant in MaaS.
This model could allow transport authorities to ensure that MaaS is delivering a compelling consumer offer which also delivers a range of wider public policy goals, such as public health, air quality, congestion and social inclusion. However, there are commercial risks and liabilities around the costs of developing, managing and administering a MaaS offer
Where the public sector takes a stepped approach to MaaS, starting with existing resources such as journey planning, smart ticketing and real-time information.
This model would then build a platform that would allow for different approaches, either public sector led or providing the basis for app developers and private sector third parties to integrate new transport modes or new ticketing products. However, the outcome is uncertain which may not meet wider public policy goals or meet customer needs
Where the public sector is not involved with MaaS.
Allowing the private sector to lead could result in a more innovative and competitive market of MaaS products with no direct commercial risk to the authority. However, it also risks fragmented outcomes, or conversely exploitation by monopolies, which work against both the consumer and wider public interest.
The report also finds that: “The ability of transport authorities to take on a more decisive role on MaaS is influenced by the wider regulatory and legislative framework in which it is working. In particular, the deregulation of the bus sector outside London and privatisation of rail can be a limiting factor as the transport authority does not have full control over the pricing of public transport.”
Vernon Everitt, Managing Director of Customers, Communication and Technology at Transport for London, and Lead Board Member for Smart Futures at the Urban Transport Group, said: “Cities in the UK and the wider world are looking hard at the potential benefits that MaaS could bring and the role they could play in its future. This report clearly sets out the issues and options for city regions on MaaS and sets out a sliding scale of potential engagement.
“It is up to each transport authority to decide for themselves how big a role they wish to play in determining the evolution of MaaS depending on local circumstances and aspirations. By presenting the risks and opportunities, we hope this report makes that decision-making process easier.”
The report also suggests ‘five tests for good MaaS’ to assist transport authorities in ensuring that any MaaS offer meets urban public policy goals.
The five tests are:
- Does it incentivise public transport use?
- Does it help reduce congestion and pollution?
- Is it socially inclusive? (including on affordability; accessibly, providing options for those with additional mobility needs)
- Is there a culture of openness and data sharing?
- Does it encourage active lifestyles?